Elements of the framework

Three elements work together in the EATSIPS framework to create a strong school and community culture.
  • Personal reflections—our knowledge and understanding of personal histories, attitudes and perceptions inform our expectations of students and affect student participation and outcomes
  • Whole-school ethos—created by the shared language that describes personal and professional accountabilities, curriculum and pedagogy, organisational environment and community partnerships
  • Classroom ethos—created by pedagogy and practices that affect student participation and outcomes.

Teachers, students, parents and principals—we all bring our own perspectives, our own ways of seeing the world, our ‘cultural baggage’ to school.

Some of our histories are separate and culturally unique, others we share. There is a call for educators and institutions to build bridges between the Aboriginal and Torres Strait and Western knowledge systems to achieve meaningful outcomes, for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in particular, but for all students in general.

At school, we need to create a ‘third cultural space’ where we can all meet, grow and learn. Creating a ‘third cultural space’ allows a school community to embed Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ perspectives and work towards helping Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students be stronger and smarter in their learning journey.
In the diagram, the black circle represents Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ways of knowing, being and doing, and the red circle represents Western ways. The middle yellow circle is the third cultural space.


 Related information


The ‘third cultural space’ process draws on the rich Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and perspectives; ways of knowing, being and doing (Martin, 2009), balanced symbiotically alongside Western ways of knowing, being and doing. The middle ground of the third cultural space represents a new way of working.

(Bhahba 2004; Yunipingu 1989).​

Last updated
28 July 2014